A Study of the Techniques of the Kitoryu jujutsu with a
Focus on the Documents of the Sanada Family
Shusaku KIRYU （University of Tsukuba, Sport and Physical Education Center）
筑波大学体育センター 桐生 習作
By compiling documents on jujutsu into one collection, Jigoro Kano employed his efforts to
transmit the excellent aspects of jujutsu to judo while developing the education for pre-modern
Japanese society. The Kitoryu jujutsu, to which Master Kano was deeply committed, is believed
to have greatly infl uenced judo, but there are few studies on the techniques of the Kitoryu jujutsu.
Therefore, sharing the information on the techniques is important, even in the sense of activating
This study examines the techniques of the Kitoryu jujutsu, as presented in the documents of the
Sanada family by preparing a catalogue of the manuscripts and materials on the transmission of
the mysteries and secrets of jujutsu that are included in these documents, as well as by providing
information-sharing of the historical materials. The results are as follows:
⑴ There are 60 volumes of materials related to the Kitoryu jujutsu, in the Sanada Treasure
Museum, which I have listed. These materials are manuscripts that also include the materials
of the Kootsuryu and Shintoryu. The manuscripts for the transmission constitute the mysteries
and secrets of the group that studied under Seibei Kunitaka Suzuki, whose school was known
as the Suzuki Sect of the Kitoryu jujutsu. Councillor Sadanobu Matsudaira had studied under Kunitaka, and Yukitsura Sanada, the second son of Sadanobu, was the family head of the 12th
generation of the Sanada family.
⑵ The teachings of the Suzuki Sect of the Kitoryu jujutsu emphasized the ‘hontai’ , the
fourteen kata and the seven kata that were the same as that of the other sects. However, in
addition to ‘forms’ , the Suzuki Sect of the Kitoryu jujutsu had established unique training
methods, such as ‘kiriwakare’ and ‘kachikake’ .
In the Suzuki Sect of the Kitoryu jujutsu, the training process was firmly established and
emphasised techniques aimed at the transmission of the techniques of the ‘hontai’ . It is believed
to have infl uenced Kunitaka’s view on training, which was motivated by education, and described
as ‘transmitting the way through techniques’ .