I'll continue the discussion by quoting myself from a abstract I wrote a couple of years ago for class. It may not be 100% suited for your needs, and perhaps a tad "academic", but maybe as a starting point...?
When most people hear the word 柔道 jūdō
, it brings to mind images of people in white pajamas: sweating, maybe shouting, and throwing each other to the ground with a loud 'thud'. Yes, jūdō
are those things, but both the name itself, as well as the philosophical and ethical musings from the arts' founder Jigoro Kano (1860-1938) all point away from the perceived violent nature of the art. Rather, one finds a desire to create something more than just a replacement for the German Turnbewegungen
(sometimes misnamed "Scandinavian gymnastics"), which he felt were movements without any relevance to real life. Specifically, he wrote that there were three "levels" or "purposes" to his jūdō
: a) 体育法 tai'iku-hō
, or physical training; b) 勝負法 shōbu-hō
, or martial training; and finally c) 修身法 shūshin-hō
, which refers to moral or ethical training. This notion of combined personal, physical, and intellectual development are contained in the two maxims 精力善用 seiryoku zen'yō
(also known as 精力最善活用 seiryoku saizen katsuyō
; "best use of one's energy") and 自他共栄 jita kyōei
, commonly translated as "maximum efficiency with minimum effort" and "mutual benefits" respectively.
After this, the abstract starts going in to areas not relevant for this discussion, so I cut it off here for now